The asset class saw the largest quarterly drop in sentiment among Nordic fund selectors in Q3 where it plummeted 25-percentage points in Q3 from Q2 – compared to a 16-percentage point drop among pan-European fund selectors.
As a comparison, the second largest drop in sentiment for the Nordics was for Asia ex Japan equities with a 12-percentage point drop.
Sentiment towards the asset class has only dropped since last quarter for both Nordics and pan-Europe.
Frontier market sentiment
Source: Last Word Research
When broken down, during Q3, 12% of pan-European fund selectors were looking to increase their allocation towards the asset class over the 12 months to September 2019, 33% to hold, 15% to decrease, and 40% did not use the asset class.
For the Nordics it was 9% who were looking to increase their allocation towards the asset class over the same period, 31% to hold, 13% to decrease, and 47% did not use the asset class.
Still value in frontier markets
Despite the slump in sentiment, Danish BankInvest investment committee member and senior product specialist, Jens Rundager said it was still worth investing in the asset class.
Rundager said YTD returns had been affected by currency weakness but overall structural growth and performance in many key frontier market economies remained positive.
“Argentina has been the big bad guy in the [frontier market] universe this year and it has quite a big exposure in the benchmark – typically between 15-20%. In 2017 Argentinian equities returned 57% – this year they are down 46%,” he said.
“We see a stabilising situation and an overreaction on the currency and equity pricing, so we are keeping our exposure there.
“You could say if we had excluded Argentina completely in 2018 it would have been quite a nice story with a slight positive return, but you can’t exclude an entire country. But a huge part of the universe is Argentina still and we think it’s worth investing in.”
Index provider MSCI is due to upgrade Argentina from ‘frontier’ to ‘emerging’ market status in May next year.
While Rundager said his exposure to frontier equities was not a base exposure he said he did prefer frontiers over emerging markets and Brics due to the structural growth story and that it was worth having a high exposure based on valuations.
“For valuation right now, the broad EM space and the frontier space is priced at quite neutral relative levels but what we think and believe is the growth earnings momentum will take up the frontier space sooner and later in the broad EM space,” he said.
He said the structural growth story centred around the rising domestic consumer and that he liked consumer and banking stocks.
Rundager noted that liquidity for frontier markets compared to main markets would be the biggest challenge but this was not a huge issue for him as he had a long-term investing horizon.
“Volatility and illiquidity could be an issue at some point if the cycle turns – at least over the short-term,” he said.
“In [frontier markets] even though it’s a smaller and an off-benchmark allocation, it’s a story that’s easy to relate to. [For the] long-term investor it’s definitely worth paying attention to,” he said.
Top frontier market funds
According to Morningstar data, the top performing frontier market fund over the three years to 30 September 2018 was Magna new Frontiers N Accumulation at 47.8%.
The fund was also the top performer for the five years to 30 September at 87.6%. However, over the one year to 30 September 2018, the fund lost 4.72%.
According to its factsheet, the fund has its highest country allocation towards UAE (20.4%), Vietnam (20.3%), Saudi Arabia (19.7%), Kuwait (16.5%), and Romania (5.4%).
Its largest sector exposure was to financials (52.6%), consumer discretionary (21.6%), healthcare (9.1%), consumer staples (3.5%), and real estate (2.7%).
Coeli Frontier Markets I SEK fund followed at 19.9% for the three years to 30 September 2018.
The fund over the one year and three years to 30 September 2018 had the highest inflows at €1.02bn and €1.9bn respectively.
The Coeli fund started in February 2014 and its highest country allocation towards Vietnam (14.2%), Georgia (9.8%), Bangladesh (8.6%), Sri Lanka (8.4%), and Nigeria (7.3%), according to the fund’s factsheet.
Its largest sector allocations are towards financials (38.6%), consumer staples (27.8%), consumer discretionary (18.1%), and telecommunication services (8.3%).
Top five frontier market equity funds v benchmarks three years to 30 September 2018
Polunin Discovery Funds’ Frontier Markets Fund followed with a return of 19.7% over the three years to 30 September 2018.
Parvest Equity new Frontiers Classic Capitalisation fund over the same period returned 19.6%. The fund was the top performer for the one year to 30 September 2018 at 6.5% and was only one of two funds that made a return during that period.
Rounding out the top five was T. Rowe Price Frontier Markets Equity I USD at 17.01% for the three years to 30 September 2018.
All the top five funds beat the MSCI Frontier Markets index that returned 11.4% over the same period. All but the T. Rowe Price fund also beat the MSCI Emerging Markets index that returned 18.3% over the same period.
The top funds were found using Morningstar that were open-ended Europe funds domiciled in either Ireland or Luxembourg and were for sale in at least three pan-European countries.